Writing Test (Take 10 minutes to finish this writing)
Please write 100-150 words on the following topic:
The best holiday I have ever had...
Complete the 2 conversations.
0 Where does she live?
A. Over England
B. In Brazil
C. To Australia
7. Would you like to come shopping with me?
8. Can I help you cook dinner?
Look at the text in each question.
What does it say?
0. Children under five must have adult supervision to enter.
A. Children under five can’t enter.
B. Adults must go with their children.
C. A child of four needs an adult to watch them inside the ride.
Closing down sale
Everything must go before the end of the month!
All items on sale, up to 90% off.
To: All students
Your projects are due next Friday at the latest. If you need an extension, you must provide a doctor’s note.
The road is closed due to flooding.
Please seek an alternative route until further notice.
The people below all want to watch a movie at the cinema. There are descriptions of five movies below. Decide which movie would be the most suitable for the following people.
A. Too Many Ninjas!
The latest action-comedy from Jeckie Chen, who plays a martial-arts master whose daughter has been kidnapped by the evil Snake Clan! The fight scenes are stylish and exciting, but also punctuated by Chen’s classic gags. A movie for the whole family!
B. If Life Were Simpler
A reimagining of Princess Celine’s tragic life and death, this movie is sure to evoke many emotions. The Princess is forced to choose between the responsibilities of royalty, and her love for a foreign prince. Tears will be shed, so make sure you bring plenty of tissues.
C. Slash 2: Another Nightmare
The sequel to the critically-acclaimed horror flick of last year is finally here. The movie picks up 1 year after the original, as the survivors try to put the pieces of their lives back together. Haunted by their memories, they all get together to mourn the loss of their friends. However, a shadow lurks, waiting…With gruesome special effects, this flick is definitely not for the faint of heart.
D. Grey Men
When creatures from Jupiter land on the surface of our planet, mankind is unprepared. Geoff Spellberg has outdone himself again with this sci-fi thriller, and no expense has been spared with regards to the costumes and sets. The plot is quite intense, however, with so many twists and turns that some viewers may need to see the movie twice to make sense of it.
E. Big Dog
Gabriel Mezzini has made his debut into cinema with this heart-warming tale about a young boy named Greg and his dog, Foster. The two of them are inseparable, but when Foster suddenly goes missing, it’s up to Greg to find him. With loads of zany characters, clever jokes and a catchy soundtrack, there is something here for everyone.
8. Mark and his girlfriend Tammy want to see something with substance. They both appreciate unusual concepts and like to see a lot of attention to detail in movies.
Around the world at 16
Jessica Watson was the youngest person in the world to complete a solo trip around the world. Departing Sydney on 18 October 2009, Watson headed north-east crossing into the Pacific Ocean before then sailing through the Atlantic and Indian Oceans. She returned to Sydney on 15 May 2010, three days before her 17th birthday. The Queenslander, who sailed her pink yacht more than 19,000 nautical miles nonstop and unassisted, actually describes herself as reasonably conservative and "not adventurous at all". Watson has difficulty recalling specific details, but she mentions waves as tall as telephone poles, Southern Ocean storms that turned her upside down and orange sunrises so wondrous they made her scream with delight. Despite being "'not adventurous", Watson definitely sees the upside of getting out of the comfort zone. Getting stuck in that comfort zone also has its risks, she says. "I think you need to appreciate that to do nothing is also risky, so you've got to go and put yourself out there. "It's really very, very simple. It's about what you can achieve if you set your mind to it. I was just an ordinary girl who couldn't sail and was scared of the water, and look what I did. I like the simple message in that."
Look at the sentences below about a girl who sailed around the world. Read the text above to decide if each sentence is correct or incorrect.
11. Jessica Watson sailed around the world on her own.
Read the text and questions below.
For each question, choose the correct answer.
Learning to Surf
I grew up on a farm in a small country town in Queensland, Australia. Growing up in the country was great. The environment was beautiful and I always had something to do. I spent a lot of time helping my father look after our animals, but I still managed to find time for fun.
In my free time, I loved doing adventurous things. My friends and I used to go mountain climbing, practice dangerous tricks on our ‘dirt bikes’ and even go water skiing at the nearby lake. Things like extreme sports and dealing with big farm animals were easy for me. I wasn’t afraid of anything. That was until I tried surfing for the first time.
When I was eighteen years old, I moved to the Gold Coast to go to university. The Gold Coast is famous for its surf beaches and I had been on a few holidays there in the past. I had never tried surfing though. I thought it would be easy, but I was wrong. The first time I tried surfing, I went by myself and the waves were huge! I got thrown around by the waves and actually got a bit scared. I then knew that I had to treat the ocean with respect. Sometimes overconfidence can be dangerous.
17. What is the writer trying to do in this text?
18. What is the reason for the writer enjoying extreme sports? 19. What might the writer say to someone who wants to learn to surf?
For questions 1–3, read the text below and decide which answer (A, B, C or D) best fits each gap.
There is an example at the beginning (0).
A. prospect B. choice C. option D. magnificence
Answer: A. prospect
A one-way trip to Mars
The (0) ………. of space travel to distant stars has always fascinated humans and since the 1960s, humans have been travelling into space on a (1) ………. basis. (2) ………., travel to planets beyond our own solar system is still science fiction.
One of mankind’s greatest space travel (3) ………. was no doubt landing on the moon in 1969.
(00) ………. , since the Apollo missions to the moon, travel to outer-space has mostly been focused on launching satellites (4) ………. sending astronauts to the International Space Station, (5) ………. is only 400 kilometres above the Earth’s surface. The next big challenge is sending humans to our closest planetary neighbour, Mars.
‘Mars One’, is a group currently looking for people to be part of their Mars colonisation programme. With some good luck, they believe humans (6) ………. have colonised Mars by 2023. There are some conditions, however. The cost of the programme is expected to be about $6.5 billion. Moreover, if an astronaut goes to Mars, they will never come back. Despite being a one-way trip, more than 200,000 people have already applied (7) ………. an astronaut position with ‘Mars One’.
You are going to read part of an article about a famous inventor. For questions 15-17, choose the answer (A, B, C or D) which you think fits best according to the text.
Nikola Tesla was a multi-disciplinary genius whose inventions arguably make him the most significant inventor in history.
He was born around midnight, between July 9 and July 10, 1856 during a fierce lightning storm. According to family legend, midway through the birth, the midwife wrung her hands and declared the lightning a bad omen. “This child will be a child of darkness”, she said, to which his mother replied: “No. He will be a child of light.”
His discovery of the rotating magnetic field in 1882 led to a series of US Patents in 1888, which gave us the AC electric power system still in use today. This one achievement earned him the honour of being called “The Man Who Invented the 20th Century”.
His research went way beyond what has found its way into everyday use. He is the recognized inventor of the brushless AC induction motor, radio, remote control by radio, super-conductivity, fluorescent lighting, the bladeless turbine engine and pump, the capacitor discharge ignition system for automobile engines, the mechanical oscillator, and dozens of other inventions. He also discovered that useful energy could be extracted from the heat of the ambient air, and that electric power in the form of Radiant Energy could be broadcast to everyone in the world through the ground.
In his masterful article The Problem of Increasing Human Energy, first published in Century Illustrated Magazine in June 1900, Tesla discusses the “energy situation” like never before. After discussing every known method of gathering energy from the Natural World, Tesla departs into the unknown, writing about a machine that gathers heat from the ambient air. He calls it a “Self-acting Engine” since it could run indefinitely from the solar energy stored in the air. He calls it “the ideal way of obtaining motive power”.
Tesla worked for years trying to solve all of the technical issues presented by his idea. His work with liquefied air, his discovery of super-conductivity at ultra-low temperatures, his bladeless turbine and mechanical oscillator were all spin-offs from his work on the ambient air engine. He was convinced the system could work and that it was absolutely the best way to harness solar energy.
15. Tesla was called “The man who invented the 20th century’ because
16. The article portrays Tesla as 17. In the last paragraph, what does spin-offs mean? PART 5
You are going to read an article about problems that affect sleeping habits. Three sentences have been removed from the article. Choose from the sentences A-D the one which fits each gap (18-20). There is one extra sentence which you do not need to use.
We all need sleep. A good eight hours of rest is the difference between having a healthy and productive day or watching the clock, waiting to go home and collapse in bed. Scientists are still unable to completely explain why we need sleep, but the fact remains that it is essential for our physical and mental health. 18 _____ Dr Sonia Inn, a specialist in sleep, claims that there are a few key reasons for this.
19 _____ “The availability of computers, phones, televisions and other electronic devices is the primary reason that young adults are missing out on their rest.” Dr Inn says. “Whereas people used to go to bed around 10-11PM, they are now choosing to stay up, glued to their screens until the early hours of the morning.” On top of sleeping for shorter periods, the time spent looking at these devices stimulates the brain at a time when it should be shutting down. Dr Inn says that people must learn to switch off and focus on easing into a resting period for the night.
Another aspect of getting a healthy amount of sleep is linked to diet. There is easy access to high-sugar snacks, caffeinated drinks and alcohol from most shops. Caffeine is a poor substitute for rest but a rise in the popularity of drinks like coffee and energy drinks has contributed to poor sleeping habits. “Something that people don’t seem to understand,” adds Dr Inn, “is that caffeine takes a long time to go through your system. A drink consumed in the middle of the day might not have worn off by time you go to bed.”
The main conclusions drawn from the study are that people need to reassess their priorities and change their habits. It is known that a lack of sleep can have adverse effects on one’s health, from a lack of concentration to even nausea and death. Dr Inn has some simple suggestions on how young adults suffering from sleeplessness can improve their situation: “Switch off your screens at least two hours before you go to bed. 20 _____” With these tips, she hopes to see a decline in restlessness among young adults.
You are going to read an article about four people’s ideas on family life. For each of questions 21-25 choose one of the people (A-D). You can choose the people more than once.
Everyone has a family but not everyone decides to start one of their own. Four people discuss their ideas on marriage and having children.
A. My background is very traditional. My parents are first generation immigrants from Sri Lanka so there was always the expectation that one day they’d choose a nice boy for me to settle down with. I was brought up in New Zealand and when I was in high school, there were all these girls around me talking about boys and starting to date. Not me though- I was always kept far too busy with school work. My parents made it pretty clear to me that failing a subject was not an option. The big change I guess was when I went away for uni. It was the first time I had ever lived away from home and I really discovered my passion for theatre. I don’t know now that I’m against marriage and kids but it’s definitely not the right time for me. I need to get my foot in the door with my career first.
B. Parents can really affect how their offspring view the world and relationships. I remember there was always tension in my house and I never really saw my parents being particularly affectionate with each other. I suppose that must be why I’ve never been big on the fairy-tale wedding and the cake topper dress, maybe because I’ve seen the aftermath. It’s not that I don’t believe in marriage, it’s just that I think it changes things and that people have a lot of expectations associated with it, which in reality can never be entirely fulfilled. An honest relationship can often be healthier than marriage these days.
C. I’ve always thought that kids would be part of my life. I had a very happy childhood, growing up with my older brother. My mum and dad were young parents so they had a lot of energy to go and do stuff with us. We went to the beach every weekend and went roller-blading along the boardwalk and later, when we got a little bit older, we started going on ski trips too. I think sometimes that if you wait too long, you might not raise your kids in the same way. You might not physically be up to it. Of course, there are other advantages to having kids later in life, like money and stability but I can’t help feeling that your kids would really be missing out not having that active bonding time with you.
D. I’ve just gotten married and it’s been amazing so far. We went to Santorini for our honeymoon and it was great to have the time just for each other without having to worry about work, chores or other people. Some people say marriage changes things but I think if your relationship is solid, marriage is much the same. I’m back at work now and people keep asking when we’re going to start a family. I guess I’m not a spring chicken anymore, but your 30s is hardly old! Honestly, I don’t know how I feel about it. I don’t really think I’m ready for that stage of my life, either emotionally or financially though I should probably talk it over with my partner.
21. Which person is under pressure from peers to start having children?